UPDATES: Please see the list of updates to this post, which are listed at the bottom.
Because of recent changes at some of the testing companies that affect the ability to transfer raw DNA data between databases, I have updated my earlier post summarizing which test results can be uploaded to which other sites. In the table below, find the company who performed your autosomal DNA test in the top row, then follow that column down to see which sites will accept transfers of your DNA data. The superscript numbers refer to notes below the table. As always, be sure to read the Terms of Service for each company/database before you transfer. (Note: I earn a small commission if you purchase through the links in this post. The cost is the same for you. Click here for more information.)
|If you tested at:1||Ancestry
|23&Me v1, v2||23&Me v3, v4||23&Me v5||Family Tree DNA||My
|You can transfer to:||AncestryDNA2||—||NO||NO||NO||NO||NO||NO||NO|
|Family Tree DNA4||Yes but||NO||YES||Not yet||—||YES||NO||NO|
If you cannot see the full width of the table, scroll to the bottom of this post for an image version.
(1) Note: I earn a small commission if you purchase through the links in this post. The cost is the same for you. Click here for more information.
(2) AncestryDNA does not accept transfers of DNA data, but their results can be transferred to most other sites. They are like Type O blood for genetic genealogy—the (almost) universal donors. As of this writing, AncestryDNA’s databases contains more than 7 million people.
(3) 23andMe recently introduced version 5 (v5) of their test. V3 and v4 are almost universally accepted as transfers, while v5 (introduced August 2017) is different enough from previous versions so as to cause potential problems with matching. Their database currently contains more than 3 million people.
(4) Transfers to Family Tree DNA can see and contact their DNA matches for free. For a $19 fee, they can access additional tools, like ethnicity estimates and a chromosome browser. (Transfers for those who took the MyHeritage test are exempt from the fee.) Testers who used the newer versions of AncestryDNA (v2) and 23andMe (v4) will not receive distant, speculative matches at FTDNA. If they want distant matches, they can purchase a new Family Finder test. Most AncestryDNA transfers to Family Tree DNA work, although a few will fail to upload; if that happens, you can use MAPMY23 to convert the file into a format FTDNA can read. There is no timeframe for when they will accept 23andMe v5 tests. Their database is estimated at over 700,000 people.
(5) MyHeritage transfers are free and receive a list of DNA matches and ethnicity estimates. They plan to accept 23andMe v5 transfers soon. They did not immediately reply to a question about whether they would also accept Living DNA results. The size of their database is more than 1 million people.
(6) WeGene serves primarily an Asian market. They do not currently have relative matching but plan to add it in the future. WeGene accepts 23andMe v5 transfers, but they warn that some of their features may not work properly; they are working to resolve the issue. The size of their database is not known.
(7) Living DNA currently advertises the most detailed ethnicity estimates available. They began accepting DNA transfers as part of their One Family One World research project on 26 October 2017. Transfers will get access to relative matching when it goes live in summer 2018 and will be able to contact their matches, but they will not receive an ethnicity breakdown. The upload page is here. The size of their database is not known.
(8) DNA.Land is a non-profit research site run by academics. They accept transfers but do not offer DNA tests themselves. They provide relative matching, ethnicity estimates, and reports on wellness and physical traits. Their database contains over 80,000 people.
(9) If AncestryDNA and 23andMe are the universal donors of autosomal DNA testing, GEDmatch is the universal acceptor. Transfers and most tools are free, including relative matching, ethnicity (admixture) estimates, phasing, and archaic matches. Additional “Tier 1” tools available for a donation of $10 per month. Their database contains more than 800,000 uploads.
(10) GEDmatch Genesis is a beta (test) version of GEDmatch that allows DNA uploads of almost all autosomal test versions, including ones that are not compatible with the regular GEDmatch database. Genesis is a still in the experimental stage, and I don’t recommend it at this time for beginners or for work where precision is required.
If you can’t see the full width of the table on your browser, this screenshot may help.
Update history for this post:
- Updated 19 February 2018 to reflect that WeGene is fully compatible with 23andMe v5.
- Updated 9 February 2018 with a link to MAPMY23 and to include most recent database sizes.
- Updated 19 Sep 2017 to show that FTDNA had begun taking transfers from MyHeritage and on 29 Sep 2017 to indicate that most transfers from AncestryDNA to FTDNA were working.
- Updated 26 Oct 2016 to indicate that Living DNA had begun accepting transfers from 23andMe, AncestryDNA, Family Tree DNA, and MyHeritageDNA.