A number of reputable companies offer DNA tests for genealogical purposes. As a service to the genetic genealogy community, I maintain a list of current prices and some comparative information about the companies here.
Autosomal DNA Test Prices (as of 6 December 2018)
Companies are listed in order of database size. See below for pricing on Y-chromosome DNA and mitochondrial DNA tests. Prices do not include shipping or taxes unless noted otherwise.
|Company1,2||Price3||Database Size4||Processing Time5|
US$59 per DNA test, or Buy 3 Get 1 Free ($44.25 each)
20% off Gift Memberships
(ends 24 December)
Use the links to the left for other countries.
|> 10 million||28 days|
|23andMe||Holiday Sale (US & Canada)
Ancestry service: US$69
Health + Ancestry Services: $139
+ Free gift wrap
(sale ends 25 December)
|> 5 million||24 days|
+ free standard shipping on 2+ kits
(sale ends 16 December)
|> 1.9 million||24 days|
|Family Tree DNA
Family Finder test (see below for other test from FTDNA)
$49 + 5% off orders under $100 with code MERRY5 and 10% off orders of $100 or more with code MERRY10
(see below for other tests)
(sale ends 31 December)
|> 890,000||22 days|
|Living DNA||Holiday Sale
1For advice on where to test, please read this post. While written for adoptees, the advice applies to most genealogy situations.
2Raw DNA data can often be transferred from one company to another for free. Click here for an overview of which tests can be transferred into which other databases. Click here for instructions on how to transfer from AncestryDNA to other databases.
3Prices are for the U.S. market, unless noted, and do not include shipping. For pricing in other countries, click the relevant link: Australia, New Zealand.
4Click here for additional information on database sizes.
5Average time from mailing the test to the lab to receiving results; times based on user-submitted data from Apr–Jun 2018. You can contribute your own processing times by clicking here.
AncestryDNA, 23andMe, Family Tree DNA, and MyHeritage all offer both ethnicity estimates and a list of relatives who share DNA with you. Other labs, such as Living DNA, the National Geographic Genographic Project, and Genes for Good, do similar DNA tests but do not currently match you to relatives. Living DNA has promised relative matching in the summer of 2018.
Family Tree DNA also offers Y-chromosome DNA (male line) and mitochondrial DNA (female line) testing, as well as group projects for specific surnames, geographic regions, and haplogroups. Tests are on sale though 31 December, 2018. Use code MERRY5 for 5% off orders under $100 and use code MERRY10 for 10% off orders of $100 or more.
- Y-37 marker test (males only): $99 (save $70!)
- Y-67 marker test (males only): $179 (save $89!)
- Y-111 marker test (males only): $219 (save $140!)
- Big Y-500 test (males only): $499 (save $150!)
- mtDNA Plus (mitochondrial DNA) test: $89
- mtFull Sequence (mitochondrial DNA) test: $139 (save $60!)
Upgrades are also on sale for Thanksgiving:
Autosomal Testing Growth
Feel free to use the following graph in presentations to genealogy societies and DNA interest groups. It was last updated on 3 September 2018. The chart only includes databases that offer relative matching.
Below is graph of processing times for autosomal DNA tests completed July 2017–May 2018 (3-month rolling averages). Times are in days from when the test was dropped in the mail to when the results were returned. “N” is the total number of reports for that test.
You can contribute your own processing times by clicking here.
Average processing times (excluding mailing time) for other types of DNA tests reported for May through October 2018 are summarized below. You can contribute your own processing times by clicking here.