UPDATES: Please see the list of updates to this post, which are at the bottom. For step-by-step instructions on how to transfer data from AncestryDNA into the other databases, click here.
Because of recent changes at some of the testing companies that affect the ability to transfer raw DNA data between databases, I have updated my earlier post summarizing which test results can be uploaded to which other sites. In the table below, find the company who performed your autosomal DNA test in the top row, then follow that column down to see which sites will accept transfers of your DNA data. The superscript numbers refer to notes below the table. As always, be sure to read the Terms of Service for each company/database before you transfer.
|If you tested at:||Ancestry DNA
|23&Me v1, v2||23&Me v3, v4||23&Me v5||My Heritage||Family Tree DNA||Living DNA||We Gene|
|You can transfer to||AncestryDNA1||—||NO||NO||NO||NO||NO||NO||NO|
|Family Tree DNA4||Yes but…||YES||Yes but…||Not yet||YES||—||NO||NO|
If you cannot see the full width of the table, scroll to the bottom of this post for an image version.
(1) AncestryDNA does not accept transfers of DNA data, but their results can be transferred to most other sites. Click here for instructions. They are like Type O blood for genetic genealogy—the (almost) universal donors. As of this writing, AncestryDNA’s databases contains more than 10 million people.
(2) 23andMe introduced version 5 (v5) of their test in August 2017. V3 and v4 are almost universally accepted as transfers, while v5 is different enough from previous versions to cause potential problems with matching. Their database currently contains more than 5 million people.
(3) MyHeritage transfers receive a list of DNA matches for free. Additional features are available for subscribers or for a one-time fee of $29. They began accepting 23andMe v5 and Living DNA transfers in September 2018. The size of their database is more than 2.5 million people.
(4) Transfers to Family Tree DNA can see and contact their DNA matches for free. For a $19 fee, they can access additional tools, like ethnicity estimates and a chromosome browser. (Transfers for those who took the MyHeritage test are exempt from the fee.) Testers who used the newer versions of AncestryDNA (v2) and 23andMe (v4) will not receive distant, speculative matches at FTDNA. If they want distant matches, they can purchase a new Family Finder test. Most AncestryDNA transfers to Family Tree DNA work, although a few will fail to upload; if that happens, you can use MAPMY23 to convert the file into a format FTDNA can read. There is no timeframe for when they will accept 23andMe v5 tests. Their database is about 1 million people.
(5) WeGene serves primarily an Asian market. They do not currently have relative matching but plan to add it in the future. WeGene accepts 23andMe v5 transfers, but they warn that some of their features may not work properly; they are working to resolve the issue. The size of their database is not known.
(6) Living DNA currently advertises the most detailed ethnicity estimates available. They began accepting DNA transfers as part of their One Family One World research project on 26 October 2017. Transfers will get access to relative matching when it goes live in summer 2018 and will be able to contact their matches, but they will not receive an ethnicity breakdown. The upload page is here. The size of their database is not known.
(7) DNA.Land is a non-profit research site run by academics. They accept transfers but do not offer DNA tests themselves. They provide relative matching, ethnicity estimates, and reports on wellness and physical traits. Their database contains over 140,000 people.
(8) If AncestryDNA and 23andMe are the universal donors of autosomal DNA testing, GEDmatch is the universal acceptor. Transfers and most tools are free, including relative matching, ethnicity (admixture) estimates, phasing, and archaic matches. Additional “Tier 1” tools available for a donation of $10 per month. Their database contains more than 1 million uploads.
(9) GEDmatch Genesis is a beta (test) version of GEDmatch that allows DNA uploads of almost all autosomal test versions, including ones that are not compatible with the regular GEDmatch database. Genesis is a still in the experimental stage, and I don’t recommend it at this time for beginners or for work where precision is required.
If you can’t see the full width of the table on your browser, this screenshot may help. (Click for a larger version.)
Update history for this post:
- 23 February 2019 — Updated database sizes and fees at MyHeritage
- 11,12 September 2018 — MyHeritage is now processing 23andMe v5 and Living DNA uploads; also updated known database sizes
- 11 June 2018 — updated database sizes and added link to instructions on how to transfer from AncestryDNA to elsewhere
- 19 February 2018 — noted that WeGene is fully compatible with 23andMe v5.
- 9 February 2018 — added link to MAPMY23 and to include most recent database sizes
- 19 Sep 2017 — noted that FTDNA had begun taking transfers from MyHeritage
- 29 Sep 2017 — noted that most transfers from AncestryDNA to FTDNA were now working
- 26 Oct 2016 — indicated that Living DNA had begun accepting transfers from 23andMe, AncestryDNA, Family Tree DNA, and MyHeritageDNA